Contact dermatitis is red rashes that appear due to allergic reactions. It a very uncomfortable rash that develops from allergens like cosmetics and plants. Nevertheless, contact dermatitis is not contagious but very ugly, especially on your face. The best thing is to recognize what can cause such a reaction on your face and avoid it.
Causes of Contact Dermatitis
As we said in the introduction, contact dermatitis is caused by allergic reactions. There are many allergens, but you have to realize yours. However, there are two types of contact dermatitis. These are irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.
Irritant contact dermatitis: is a skin reaction that appears when you are exposed to a skin-damaging substance. This means that it can happen to anyone. Such type of reactions happens when mild irritants are exposed to your face over time. Below are some of the mild irritants.
– Bleach and some of the detergents
– Plants with mild chlorophyll
– Rubbing alcohol
Allergic contact dermatitis: this is a reaction that only happens when you are exposed to a chemical or material you are allergic to. In addition, it affects a specific area that the allergic substance came in contact with. Moreover, the reaction can also appear through foods, medicine, and flavorings.
Sometimes the, long-term exposure to the allergen will cause the reaction. At this point, any little exposure will cause the reaction. Below are some of the main causes of contact dermatitis on your face.
– Facial care products and cosmetics
– Pollen and insecticides
– Some sunscreens
– Oral medication
– Plaints with poison
– Clothe disinfectants like formaldehyde
– Jewelry with nickel compound
Symptoms of Contact Dermatitis on Your Face
The symptoms of contact dermatitis on your face depend on the color and type of your skin. Here are some of the symptoms.
– A light skin or white skin will have red rashes
– A black skin will have brown or grey rashes
– Your facial skin becomes itchy and blistered
– In advanced stages, the face becomes dry and cracked
– Some hives, especially with allergic contact dermatitis
– Sensitive to the sun rays
– Swelling of the face
– Oozing blisters at advanced stages
– A burning sensation
– Stiff and tight skin
Diagnosis of Contact Dermatitis
The diagnosis of contact dermatitis is easier when you already know the substance you are allergic to. If not, the doctor will perform a patch test to determine the allergen. The patch test is a simple experiment that exposes your face to different allergens. The doctor will determine the allergen from the most reactive substance. All in all, the doctor might ask you the following questions as part of the diagnosis.
– When did you see a difference on your face?
– Are the symptoms getting worse or better?
– What are your facial skin care products?
– Where do you work? To determine the chemicals, you are always exposed to
– you on a nature walk when the rash started?
Treatment of Contact Dermatitis
There is no special treatment for contact dermatitis, but the rash can go away when the allergen is not near your skin. You can take some prescription drugs when the condition is worse. Here are some of the home remedies you can try.
– Try your best not to scratch your skin or else the condition will worsen.
– Take some antibiotics
– For irritants, clean your face with warm water and neutral soap.
– Apply neutral petroleum jelly to smoothen your face
– Take antihistamine drugs to reduce the allergic reaction
Prevention for Contact Dermatitis
Always identify your skin allergen and avoid it whenever possible.
Try and wash your face periodically with clean water and mild soap. Also, wash your face when you realize you have been exposed to an allergen.
Use protective clothing when handling irritating chemicals like detergents and house cleaners.
Always use a barrier skin cream when taking a nature walk in the forest. This cream provides a protective layer that hinders poison reactions.
Apply a moisturizer to restore the upper skin layer.
Be careful around your pets because they can carry allergens, especially from plants.
Contact dermatitis on your face is a common phenomenon but can easily go away. However, you have to understand the type of contact dermatitis you are experiencing. The irritant contact dermatitis can appear hours after the exposure. You should note that allergic contact dermatitis can appear through ingesting an allergen.